The Red Scare Essay examples
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The First and Second Red Scare of the United States paved the way for a long standing fear of communism and proved to be one of America’s largest periods of mass hysteria. Throughout the years authors and analysts have studied and formed expository albeit argumentative books and articles in an attempt to further understand this period of time; the mindset held during this period however is shown to be completely different compared to now. Major and still important was the First Red Scare stemming from the First World War’s end and America’s Great Depression beginning to kick off. With food and living expenses drastically increasing certain propaganda began to appear. Perhaps one of the most notable of these was Lenin’s “Letter to the…show more content…
After the war however a kind of two-faced attitude is quickly adopted by the United States as the Berlin Crisis occurred and fear of espionage was suspected to be on the rise. (Fitzgerald, p. 32-33) This marked the beginning of the Second Red Scare, a period of time held within the Cold War itself and seen as a main cause for a very deep-rooted hate towards communism that formed a bitter taste in the mouths of the American people.
In 1950 the emergence of the Second Red Scare’s driving force, Senator Joseph McCarthy, appeared and gave a speech proclaiming that America will soon be lost to communism if the people do not stand up to combat it. He revealed that night a list of 205 people working for Soviet Russia in the United States’ State Department whose intentions were to mold America from the inside to become a socialist nation. (Fitzgerald, p. 14) It was thanks to this newfound hysteria that began to break out thanks to McCarthy’s claims that the HUAC and other like-minded organizations began to gain momentum during this time period.
The HUAC (House Un-American Activities Committee) started small in the 30’s and became a much more permanent as well as prominent after the war. Thanks to McCarthy again they gained reason to investigate many, as the name suggests, un-American activities in order to root out the Soviet collaborators. They also
Joseph Mc Carthy And The Red Scare
Joseph McCarthy, senator of Wisconsin during 1947 to 1957 was the man behind the mask of the red scare in the mid fifties. While still in office as a senator Joseph McCarthy talked himself and many others into the fact that communists where trying to infiltrate the country. He soon began to accuse completely innocent people of being in the communist party, many completely innocent people were charged, held in prison, or put on trial just because someone had wrongly accused them. This came to be known as the Red Scare. It was called the Red Scare because the communist party was known for using the color red to show and express their feelings and beliefs, many communists wore red clothing or had other things such as flags. When McCarthy brought up the idea that America was being infiltrated by the communist party, many people were very afraid of what might happen, they became paranoid that even their neighbors or long time friends were communist. Soon everyone began to accuse other people of being communist.
In the mid fifties after world war two was when the Red Scare began. People became very weary of the people around them because a news report had reported that a communist country had sent spies to the United States. Some reports also had said that the communists had the information to use atomic bombs. Many people thought that the communists would start a nuclear holocaust if they used atomic bombs.
The House Un-American Activities Committee or the HUAC began to investigate communist organizations. The HUAC investigated Hollywood actors, writers, and directors because many people believed that communists were behind the American cinema trying to brainwash the American population. They questioned many famous actors, actresses, writers and directors. To show how serious they were about this topic the even interrogated ten year old actress Shirley Temple.1 One of the most famous people in the Red Scare was senator Joseph McCarthy. McCarthy...
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